PHILOSOPHY
OF MEMORY

(page 4 of the interdisciplinary study of memory pages)

John Sutton, Philosophy Department, Macquarie University, Sydney.
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Bibliography by John Sutton: Email me.
See also especially related bibliographies on Social and Collective Memory; Developmental Psychology of Memory;
Memory and Self; History of Theories of Memory; and Recovered Memory and False Memory.
 

1.Recommended General Philosophy of Memory
2. Other General Philosophy of Memory
3. Memory and Time
4. Critiques of Memory Traces & Representations
5. Phenomenology & Recent European Philosophy
6. Epistemology of Memory
7. Externalism, Self- Knowledge, and Memory
 8. Ethics of Memory

Apologies in advance for errors and omissions in classification and referencing. Please let me know.
Here are David Chalmers' references on memory in the philosophy of psychology.
NEW: 'Memory', in the online Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

1. Recommended General Philosophy of Memory
A.J. Cascardi, "Remembering", Review of Metaphysics 38 (1984), 275-302.
* Edward S. Casey (1987) Remembering: a phenomenological study. Bloomington, IN:
    Indiana University Press.
Edward S. Casey, 'Remembering Resumed: pursuing Buddhism and phenomenology in practice',
    in Janet Gyatso (ed.), In the Mirror of Memory: reflections on mindfulness and
    remembrance in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism (SUNY Press, 1992), 271-298.
* Max Deutscher (1989) "Remembering 'Remembering'", in: Heil J (ed) Cause, Mind, and
    Reality, pp.53-72. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
* Max Deutscher, 'Memory', in E. Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
    (Routledge, 1998)
* Ian Hacking (1995) Rewriting the Soul: multiple personality and the sciences of memory.
    Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
* Andy Hamilton, 'False Memory Syndrome and the Authority of Personal Memory-Claims: a
    philosophical perspective' – this is online if your library has a MUSE subscription, via
    http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/philosophy_psychiatry_and_psychology/toc/ppp5.4.html
    or in Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1998), 283-297. Followed by commentaries by
    Stephen E. Braude, M.J. Eacott, and E.J. Lowe, and the author's response.
* Christoph Hoerl & Teresa McCormack (eds), Time and Memory (Oxford UP, 2001): for
    philosophy, see especially essays by Campbell, Cockburn, Dokic, Hoerl, Martin, Moore, & Peacocke.
* David Farrell Krell, Of Memory, Reminiscence, and Writing: on the verge (Bloomington:
    Indiana U.P., 1990). On Plato/Aristotle; Descartes; Freud; Hegel; Nietzsche; Derrida.
Don Locke, Memory (London: Macmillan, 1971)
C.B. Martin and Max Deutscher, "Remembering", Philosophical Review 75 (1966), 161-196
* David Owens, 'A Lockean Theory of Memory Experience', Philosophy and Phenomenological
    Research 56 (1996), 319-332.
* Mark Rowlands (1999) The Body in Mind: understanding cognitive processes. Cambridge:
    Cambridge University Press, chapter 6 'Memory'.
* Marya Schechtman, 'The truth about memory', Philosophical Psychology 7 (1994), 3-18.
Sydney Shoemaker, "Memory", in P. Edwards (ed.), Encyclopaedia of Philosophy (New York:
    Macmillan, 1972), vol.5, 265-274
David Stern, 'Models of memory: Wittgenstein and cognitive science', Philosophical Psychology 4
    (1991), 203-218
W. von Leyden, Remembering: a philosophical problem (Philosophical Library, 1961)
* Mary Warnock, Memory (London: Faber, 1987) [best single introduction]
David Wiggins, 'Remembering Directly', in J. Hopkins and A. Savile (eds.), Psychoanalysis,
    Mind, and Art: perspectives on Richard Wollheim (Blackwell, 1992), 339-354.


2. Other General Philosophy of Memory
Aho, Tuomo and Niiniluoto, Ilkka (1990). 'On the Logic of Memory', Acta Philosophica Fennica 49, 408-429.
Broad, C.D. (1925) The Mind and its Place in Nature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Cherniak, C. 1983. Rationality and the structure of human memory. Synthese 57:163-86.
Christopher Cherry, 'What Matters about Memory', Philosophy 71 (1996), 541-552.
David Cockburn, Other Times: philosophical perspectives on past, present, and future
    (Cambridge UP, 1997): on memory, emotion, and time. See eg reviews by D.H. Mellor,
    Philosophical Review 108 (1999), 428-430; David Carr, History and Theory xx (xxxx) 365-377.
Jerome Dokic, 'Une theorie reflexive du souvenir episodique', Dialogue 36 (1997), 527-554
E.J. Furlong, (1948) 'Memory', Mind 57, 16-44.
R.F. Holland, 1954. The empiricist theory of memory. Mind 63:464-86.
Patrick McNamara, Mind and Variability: mental Darwinism, memory, and self (Praeger,
    1999). Chapter 1 'Selection and Memory'; chapter 2 'Limitations of the Instructivist
    Account of Memory'.
Avishai Margalit, The Ethics of Memory (Harvard UP, 2002), & Galen Strawson's Guardian review.
Christopher Peacocke, 'Theories of Concepts: a wider task', in J. Branquinho (ed), The Foundations of
    Cognitive Science (Clarendon Press, 2001).
Russell, B. (1921) The Analysis of Mind. London: Allen and Unwin.
Brian Smith, Memory (Allen and Unwin, 1966)
John Sutton, 'Representation, reduction, & interdisciplinarity in the sciences of memory', in H.
    Clapin, P. Staines, & P. Slezak (eds) Representation in Mind. Greenwood, 2002.
John Sutton, draft entry on 'Memory' for the online Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Comments welcome please!


3. Memory and Time
* John Campbell, Past, Space, and Self (MIT, 1994), especially chapter 2
* John Campbell, 'The structure of time in autobiographical memory', European Journal of
    Philosophy 5 (1997), 105-118.
* Christoph Hoerl, 'Memory, amnesia, and the past', Mind and Language 14 (1999), 227-251.
* Christoph Hoerl & Teresa McCormack (eds), Time and memory : issues in philosophy and
    Psychology Oxford : Clarendon Press, 2001
Teresa McCormack and Christoph Hoerl (1999) 'Memory and Temporal Perspective: the role of temporal
    frameworks in memory development', Developmental Review 19, 154-182.
Suddendorf, Thomas and Corballis, Michael C. Mental time travel and the evolution of the human mind.
        Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs 123(2) (1997), 133-167.
            'The human ability to travel mentally in time constitutes a discontinuity between ourselves and other animals.
            Mental time travel comprises the mental reconstruction of personal events from the past (episodic memory) and
            the mental construction of possible events in the future. It is not an isolated module, but depends on the
            sophistication of other cognitive capacities, including self-awareness, meta-representation, mental attribution,
            understanding the perception- knowledge relationship, and dissociation of imagined mental states from one's
            present mental state. '
G.J. Whitrow, Time in History (Oxford UP, 1988)
G.J. Whitrow, The Natural Philosophy of Time (Nelson, 1961)


4. Critiques of Memory Traces and Memory Representations
i) Phenomenological Critiques
Jose Arcaya, 'Why is Time not included in modern theories of Memory?', Time and Society 1
    (1992), 301-314.
J. Lyons, "Memory Traces and Infantile Amnesia: a reconsideration of the work of Erwin
    Straus", Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 11 (1981), 147-165

ii) Direct Realist Critiques
* Aaron Ben-Zeev, "Two Approaches to Memory", Philosophical Investigations 9 (1986), 288-301
Laird, J. (1920) A Study in Realism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
J.T. Sanders, "Experience, Memory, and Intelligence", Monist 68 (1985), 507-521
S Wilcox and S Katz (1981) A direct realist alternative to the traditional conception of memory.
    Behaviorism 9: 227-239.
Special issue of Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (1983): eg H.S. Kurtzman, "Modern
    Conceptions of Memory", D. Lewis, "Dualism and the Causal Theory of Memory", E.
Zemach, "Memory: what is is, and what it cannot possibly be"

iii) Wittgensteinian Critiques
R.W. Beardsmore, "Autobiography and the Brain: Mary Warnock on Memory", British Journal of
    Aesthetics 29 (1989), 261-9
Howard Bursen, Dismantling the Memory Machine (Dordrecht: Reidel, 1978)
John Heil, "Traces of Things Past", Philosophy of Science 45 (1978), 60-72 [reply to Rosen]
Norman Malcolm, 'Memory and Representation', Nous 4 (1970), 59-70
Norman Malcolm, Memory and Mind (Cornell UP, 1977)
Roger Squires, "Memory Unchained", Philosophical Review 78 (1969), 178-196
J.A. Schumacher, "Memory Unchained Again", Analysis 36 (1975/6), 101-4

iv) Representationist Replies
D.M. Johnson, "Memory and Knowledge: the epistemological significance of biology", American
    Philosophical Quarterly 20 (1983), 375-382
Sam Rakover, "In Defense of Memory Viewed as Stored Mental Representations", Behaviorism
    11 (1983), 53-62
Deborah Rosen, "An Argument for the Logical Notion of a Memory Trace", Philosophy of
    Science 42 (1975), 1-10
R.K. Shope, "Remembering, Knowledge, and Memory Traces", Philosophy and
    Phenomenological Research 33 (1973), 303-322
John Sutton, Philosophy and Memory Traces (Cambridge UP, 1998), chapters 15-16.


5. Phenomenology and Recent European Philosophy
Keith Ansell-Pearson, 'Loving the Poison: the memory of the human and the promise of the
    over-human', chapter 1 of Ansell-Pearson, Viroid Life (Routledge, 1997), 9-36.
J. Arcaya, "Memory and Temporality: a phenomenological alternative", Philosophical Psychology
    2 (1989), 101-110
Henri Bergson, Matter and Memory (MIT Press/ Zone Books, 1989)
* Ed Casey, Remembering (Indiana U.P., 1987)
Ed Casey, "Earle on memory and the past", in E.S. Casey & D.V. Morano (eds.), The Life of
    the Transcendental Ego (New York: SUNY, 1986), 179-192
Gilles Deleuze, 'Memory as Virtual Coexistence', chapter 3 of Deleuze, Bergsonism (Zone
    Books, 1988), 51-72.
* William Earle, 'Memory', Review of Metaphysics 10 (1956/7), 3-27
D.F. Krell, "Phenomenology of Memory from Husserl to Merleau-Ponty", Philosophy and
    Phenomenological Research 42 (1982), 492-505
David Krell, The Purest of Bastards (Penn State U.P., 2000)
Glen A. Mazis, "Merleau-Ponty: the depth of memory as the depth of the world", in H.J.
    Silverman et al (eds.), The Horizons of Continental Philosophy (Dordrecht: Kluwer,
    1988), 227-250
Stephen Tyman, "The Phenomenology of Forgetting", Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44
    (1983) [special issue on memory]


6. Epistemology of Memory
Robert Audi, 'Memory', chapter 2 of Audi, Epistemology: a contemporary introduction to
    the theory of knowledge (Routledge, 1998), 54-71. Covers: memory and the past; the
    causal basis of memory beliefs; theories of memory; remembering, recalling, & imaging.
Jonathan Dancy, An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology. Oxford: Blackwell, 1985,
    chapter 12.
D O'Connor & B. Carr, Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge (Harvester, 1982), ch.5
David Owens, 'The Authority of Memory', European Journal of Philosophy 7 (1999), 312-329.


7. Externalism, Self-Knowledge, and Memory
Peter Ludlow & Noah Martin, 'Introduction', Ludlow & Martin (eds), Externalism and Self-
    Knowledge (CSLI Publications, 1998).
Anthony Brueckner, 'Externalism and Memory', Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 78 (1997), 1-12.
Tyler Burge, 'Interlocution, Perception, and Memory', Philosophical Studies 86 (1997), 21-47.
David Christensen and Hilary Kornblith, 'Testimony, Memory, and the Limits of the A Priori',
    Philosophical Studies 86 (1997), 1-20.
Sanford C. Goldberg, 'Self-Ascription, Self-Knowledge, and the Memory Argument', Analysis 57
    (1997), 211-9.
Peter Ludlow, 'Social Externalism, Self-Knowledge, and Memory', Analysis 55 (1995)
Peter Ludlow, 'Externalism and Memory: a problem?', Acta Analytica 14 (1995), 69-76


8. Ethics of Memory
Avishai Margalit, The Ethics of Memory. Cambridge U.P., 2002. (See also reviews by Richard
    Bernstein, History and Theory 43 (2004), 165-78;)


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Last updated 3 April 2003.
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